Lesson 4 of 10: David predicts Messiah will be crucified 400 years before crucifixion is invented
At 1 min 43 seconds of this video, Hank Hanegraaff explains that the prophecy that David wrote in Psalm 22:16 about the Messiah being crucified in 1000 BC predates the invention of crucifixion by 400 years.
Here are three prophecies that Messiah will be crucified, along with the dates they were made:
David writes in 1000 BC Psalm 22:16- “Dogs surround me, a pack of villains encircles me; they pierce my hands and my feet.”
Isaiah writes in 760 BC Isaiah 53:5- “But he was pierced for our transgressions, he was crushed for our iniquities; the punishment that brought us peace was on him, and by his wounds we are healed.”
Zechariah writes in 520 BC Zechariah 12:10 – “’And I will pour out on the house of David and the inhabitants of Jerusalem a spirit of grace and supplication. They will look on me, the one they have pierced, and they will mourn for him as one mourns for an only child, and grieve bitterly for him as one grieves for a firstborn son.’”
The fulfillment of these prophecies is in Jesus, who was crucified in 33 AD. What is remarkable, especially the David and Isaiah predictions, is that crucifixion was not invented until 600 BC. According to Wikipedia, “Crucifixion was used among the Seleucids, Carthaginians, and Romans from about the 6th century BC to the 4th century AD.” Since David wrote Psalm 22 in around 1000 BC and crucifixion was invented in the 6th century BC, the prediction predates the invention of crucifixion by around 400 years.
12 I told them, “If you think it best, give me my pay; but if not, keep it.” So they paid me thirty pieces of silver. 13 And the LORD said to me, “Throw it to the potter”—the handsome price at which they valued me! So I took the thirty pieces of silver and threw them to the potter at the house of the LORD.
The people thought that the shepherd was merely worth the price of a slave, thirty pieces of silver.
That was the exact price that Judas received to betray Jesus, as disclosed in Matthew 26:15: “and asked, ‘What are you willing to give me if I deliver him over to you?’ So they counted out for him thirty pieces of silver.”
Later Judas was seized with remorse and tried to return the money. When rebuffed, Judas threw the money in the temple, as reported in Matthew 27:1-5:
1Early in the morning, all the chief priests and the elders of the people made their plans how to have Jesus executed. 2 So they bound him, led him away and handed him over to Pilate the governor. 3 When Judas, who had betrayed him, saw that Jesus was condemned, he was seized with remorse and returned the thirty pieces of silver to the chief priests and the elders. 4 “I have sinned,” he said, “for I have betrayed innocent blood.” “What is that to us?” they replied. “That’s your responsibility.” 5 So Judas threw the money into the temple and left. Then he went away and hanged himself.
The prophecy in Zechariah matches exactly what happened to Jesus.
Lesson 2 of 10: Micah Predicts that Messiah will be born in Bethlehem
Watch this short video to hear evangelical Old Testament scholar Dr. Walter C. Kaiser, Jr., explain why…
Here are the main points made in the video:
Micah was an Old Testament prophet who lived and wrote approximately 2750 years ago, in about 750 BC, Micah 5:2 he wrote the following, “But you, Bethlehem Ephrathah, though you are small among the clans of Judah, out of you will come for me one who will be ruler over Israel, whose origins are from of old, from ancient times.”
The passage foretells that Bethlehem is the place where Messiah will be born. Ephrathah is the old name for Bethlehem. There were several Bethlehem sites in ancient times, and this clears up the confusion. This Bethlehem is the location referred to in Genesis 35:19 “So Rachel died and was buried on the way to Ephrath (that is, Bethlehem).” Also, Ruth 1:2 refers to this Bethlehem: “The man’s name was Elimelek, his wife’s name was Naomi, and the names of his two sons were Mahlon and Kilion. They were Ephrathites from Bethlehem, Judah. And they went to Moab and lived there.” Bethlehem was a small village about five miles south of Jerusalem.
In the Micah 5:2 passage, the word for “origins are from of old” can mean eternity and is a word for God himself.
The chief priests used the Micah 5:2 verse to explain to King Herod where the Christ was to be born in In Matthew 2:3-6:
3 When King Herod heard this he was disturbed, and all Jerusalem with him. 4 When he had called together all the people’s chief priests and teachers of the law, he asked them where the Messiah was to be born. 5 “In Bethlehem in Judea,” they replied, “for this is what the prophet has written: 6 “‘But you, Bethlehem, in the land of Judah, are by no means least among the rulers of Judah; for out of you will come a ruler who will shepherd my people Israel.’”