Archive for the ‘1b. Creation, Not Evolution’ Category.

Dumb Luck

Dumb Luck?

In this video the Institute for Creation Research explains why random chance cannot credibly explain how life began. Watch the following short video to learn more…

Here is the main point that is made:

Scientists say that the building blocks of life are extraordinarily complex. Basic life needs a minimum of 200 proteins. Each protein can have from twenty to many thousands of amino acids that must be in the correct order. The odds of those proteins and amino acids coming together randomly is 1 in a trillion, trillion, trillion, trillion, trillion.

Does random chance or God make more sense?

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Evolution Refuted

Evolution Refuted

AnswersinGenesis.org has provided a short video that refutes evolution. Watch and see.

Here are the main points discussed. Evolution doesn’t really make scientific sense because of just two reasons:

  1. Life has never been observed to come from non-life.
  2. There is no known observable process by which new genetic information can be added to the genetic code of an organism.

What does explain the origination of life is contained in the Bible, “In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth. (Genesis 1:1)

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Three Proofs of Creation Not Evolution

Three Proofs of Creation, Not Evolution

This week’s lesson is about why creation is a better explanation for the origination of the universe and life than evolution. To start out, go to the Three Reasons section, where I provide three short videos on the following topics:

  1. Transitional fossils do not exist.
  2. Life forms exhibit irreducible complexity.
  3. DNA resembles a written language.
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The Language of God: DNA

The Language of God:DNA

When searching for three proofs that God exists, I discovered that DNA is actually strong evidence there is a God.  Why?  Read the fascinating description of what DNA does and see.

Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA)

In 1953 James Watson and Francis Crick proposed the double helix DNA molecule model and were awarded the Nobel prize. DNA is found in the nucleus of each of our 10 trillion cells. Each nucleus contains 23 pairs of chromosomes, which are parcels of coiled DNA. Please refer to the figure below. The DNA stretched out would extend over six feet in length. Every cell in our body contains more information than the entire thirty volumes of the Encyclopedia Britannica. The rungs of the DNA contain sequences of four nitrogen bases—adenine (A), thymine (T), cytosine (C), guanine (G), which combine as “words, sentences, and paragraphs” to communicate information to the cell. The sequences are not repetitive like a crystal or snowflake with low information content. The sequences are complex and contain high information content, suggesting intelligent design. DNA contains coded instructions for making everything the body needs, especially proteins, the “building blocks of life.”2

DNA, the “Language of God”

How Proteins Are Made With DNA

The four nitrogen bases (A, T, C, G) that form the rungs of the DNA function as alphabetic characters in a written language. First a molecular machine unwinds the tightly wound strands of DNA. Then, another machine copies the original DNA instructions to form a messenger molecule called RNA (ribonucleic acid). The RNA exits the nucleus and passes through a “factory” called a ribosome, the site of protein synthesis. As the RNA passes through the ribosome, the process of translation begins. A mechanical assembly line builds a chain of amino acids from the instructions on the DNA transcript. The sequential arrangement of the amino acids determines the type of protein constructed. More than 150 different types of amino acids are found in cells, but only 20 of these are commonly used to make proteins. A protein is formed when the different amino acids are placed together in a very specific and unique order and are transported into a barrel shaped “machine” that folds the amino acid assembly into a precise shape depending on its function. Then the protein is released and guided by another molecular machine into the cell to do its job.4

If information is inscribed on DNA, where did the information come from? Can complex information come from natural processes? Can natural processes develop irreducibly complex “machines” and “factories”? Where is the fossil evidence? The answer is that only a designer could produce complex information and complex organisms. Who is that designer? “In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth” (Genesis 1:1 NIV).

For Further Reading

Gills, J.P. and T. Woodward, eds. Darwinism Under the Microscope: How Recent Scientific Evidence Points To Divine Design. Lake Mary, Fl.: Charisma House, 2002.

Strobel, L. The Case for a Creator: A Journalist Investigates Scientific Evidence That Points Toward God. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2004.

References

  1. L. Strobel, The Case for a Creator: A Journalist Investigates Scientific Evidence That Points Toward God (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2004), 219-220, 223.
  2. C. B. Thaxton, DNA, Design, and the Origin of Life, in Darwinism Under the Microscope: How Recent Scientific Evidence Points To Divine Design, J.P. Gills and T. Woodward, Editors (Lake Mary, Fl.: Charisma House, 2002), 69.
  3. Ibid., 67.
  4. S. Meyer, Journey Inside the Cell (Produced by Illustra Media: 2009), Available at http://www.signatureinthecell.com/.
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Molecular Machines and How They Discredit Evolution

Molecular Machines and how they discredit evolution

Today, nanotechnology researchers build molecular machines.  However, God has already created molecular machines with propellers, rotors, bushings, and more.   None of this was known during Darwin’s life.  Read about the fascinating description of how the tail of a bacteria works.

MOLECULAR MACHINES

According to writer Nancy Pearcey, “More than a hundred years ago, Darwin thought the living cell was extremely simple—nothing but a bubble of jelly (protoplasm)….We now know that the cell bristles with high-tech molecular machinery far more complex than anything devised by mere humans.“1 These machines display, what Dr Michael Behe has termed, “irreducible complexity,” which occurs in a system comprised of well-matched, interacting parts that all must be present to work, and if any part is removed, the system will fail. For example, a mousetrap is irreducibly complex; all pieces of the mousetrap must be simultaneously present to work. The only reason that all of the pieces are present and assembled is to produce a mousetrap. There is no purpose for just a few of the pieces to be assembled; they all must be present and assembled at once. Darwinian natural selection cannot produce irreducible complex systems because random mutations cannot progressively assemble all the pieces at once. Assembling intermediate sub-assemblies has no purpose; the only purpose is assembling the final product.2

Behe cites the tail (flagellum) to some bacteria as an example (shown in Figure 1). The tail contains elements of a tiny motorized machine with a propeller, universal joint, rotor, and bi-directional motor operating at 100,000 RPM. These are intricate interacting parts that could not be produced by [Darwinian] ‘numerous, successive, slight modifications.’3 In contrast, only intelligent design could produce such molecular machines.

(Source: Access Research Network, www.arn.org as shown in Total Truth4)

Figure 1 Molecular Machines

For Further Reading

Gills, J.P. and T. Woodward, eds. Darwinism Under the Microscope: How Recent Scientific Evidence Points To Divine Design. Lake Mary, Fl.: Charisma House, 2002.

Pearcey, N. Total Truth: Liberating Christianity From Its Cultural Captivity. Wheaton: Crossway Books, 2004.

References

  1. N. Pearcey, Total Truth: Liberating Christianity From Its Cultural Captivity (Wheaton, IL: Crossway Books, 2004), 185.
  2. M. J. Behe, The Modern Intelligent Design Hypothesis: Breaking the Rules, in Darwinism Under the Microscope: How Recent Scientific Evidence Points To Divine Design, J.P. Gills and T. Woodward, Editors (Lake Mary, Fl.: Charisma House, 2002), 134.
  3. N. Pearcey, Total Truth: Liberating Christianity From Its Cultural Captivity, 186.
  4. Ibid., 187.
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Where are the Fossils!

The Missing Fossil Record And How It Contradicts Evolution

According to Darwin’s theory, all living creatures had a common ancestor, and natural selection over time produced the variety of life forms we see today. The problem is the fossil record show the exact opposite occured.

Darwinism

Darwin’s theory contains three important points?

  1. Common Descent. Darwin wrote in The Origin of Species, “all the organic being which have ever lived on this earth may be descended from some one primordial form.”1
  2. Natural Selection. Darwin defined natural selection as the “principal by which each slight variation [of a trait], if useful, is preserved.”2 Organisms are exposed to different environments, and those that adapt best to their environment will survive and reproduce. Over time, progressive, slight variations accumulate producing different species, genera, families, orders, classes, and phyla.
  3. Incremental, Small Steps. Darwin wrote, “As natural selection acts solely by accumulating slight, successive, favorable variations, it can product no great or sudden modifications; it can act only by short and slow steps.”3

Darwin believed that variations within original species would amplify over the course of many generations to produce different species with unique body architecture called phyla. For example, two identical organisms at the beginning would gradually change over time until each had a very different body type and were classified into very different phyla: one with a skeleton outside its body, such as phyla Arthopoda (crabs) and one with a skeleton inside its body, such as phylum Chordata (fish). Darwin believed the different body types (phyla) would gradually develop over time. However, the fossil record show the reverse occurred, that almost all of the different phyla occurred at once, not gradually over time.

Cambrian Explosion (Biology’s Big Bang)

When Darwin wrote The Origin of Species, the oldest known fossils were from a geological period known as the Cambrian, named after rocks in Cambria, Wales. But the Cambrian fossil pattern didn’t fit Darwin’s theory, as he was well aware.

“The number of intermediate varieties, [must] by truly enormous. Why then, is not every geological formation and every stratum full of such intermediate links? Geology assuredly does not reveal any such finely graded organic chain; and this, perhaps, is the most obvious and gravest objection which can be urged against my theory.”4

The Cambrian Explosion is the period in which most major groups of animals first appear in the fossil record. The highest levels of the biological hierarchy (phyla) appear right at the start, not gradually as Darwin predicted. Dr. Jonathan Wells, Senior Fellow-Discovery Institute, writes, “Instead of starting with one or a few species that diverged gradually over millions of years into families, then order, then classes, then phyla, the Cambrian start with the abrupt appearance of many fully-formed phyla and classes of animals. In other words, the highest levels of the biological hierarchy appeared right at the start.”5

Dr. Wells in the video, Unlocking the Mystery of Life, places the Cambrian Explosion in perspective by visualizing the history of life on earth as a 24-hour clock:

“The current standard estimates for the origin of life put it about 3.8 billion years ago; let’s say 4 billion. So if we start our twenty four hour clock, then 6 hours, nothing but these simple, single-celled organisms appear, the same sort that we saw in the beginning. 12 hours, the same thing. 18 hours, the same thing. Three-quarters of the day has passed and all we have are these simple single-celled organisms. Then at about the 21st hour in the space of about 2 minutes, boom, most of the major animal forms appear in the form that they currently have in the present, and many of them persist to the present, and we have them with us today. Less than two minutes out of a twenty-four hour period. That’s how sudden the Cambrian Explosion was.”6

Figure 1 Lack of Transitional Fossils (adapted from Icons of Evolution7)

According to Dr. Wells, for the first 21 hours (out of 24), you only find bacteria and worm fossils. Then, most of the animal forms appear in a geologically short period of time.

Darwin felt that paleontology was in its infancy and would find the transitional fossils over time with new excavations. However, new excavations, especially in Chengjiang, China have only deepened the problem: the specimens are better; many specimens are similar to those found elsewhere in the world (indicating most fossils have been found); and many specimens are soft-bodied (indicating that soft-bodied Cambrian specimens could be found if they existed.). Therefore, Dr. Mark Hartwig, Fellow-Discovery Institute, concludes, “It seems that most fossil species appear all at once, fully formed, and change very little through their existence,”8 and thus disproving Darwinism.

For Further Reading

Stroble, L. The Case for a Creator: A Journalist Investigates Scientific Evidence That Points Toward God. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2004.

Wells, J. Icons of Evolution: Science or Myth? Why Much of What We Teach About Evolution Is Wrong. Washington D.C.: Regnery Publishing, Inc., 2000.

References

  1. Quoted in J. Wells, Icons of Evolution: Science or Myth? Why Much of What We Teach About Evolution Is Wrong, 29.
  2. Quoted in J. Wells, Icons of Evolution: Science or Myth? Why Much of What We Teach About Evolution Is Wrong, 34.
  3. Ibid.
  4. Quoted in M. Hartwig, Challenging Darwin’s Myths, in Darwinism Under the Microscope: How Recent Scientific Evidence Points To Divine Design, J.P. Gills and T. Woodward, Editors (Lake Mary, Fl.: Charisma House, 2002), 24-25.
  5. Quoted in J. Wells, Icons of Evolution: Science or Myth? Why Much of What We Teach About Evolution Is Wrong, 41.
  6. L. Allen, Unlocking the Mystery of Life (Produced by Illustra Media: 2010), Available at www.unlockingthemysteryoflife.com.
  7. J. Wells, Icons of Evolution: Science or Myth? Why Much of What We Teach About Evolution Is Wrong, 34.
  8. M. Hartwig, Challenging Darwin’s Myths, in Darwinism Under the Microscope: How Recent Scientific Evidence Points to Divine Design, 25.

 

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