Archive for the ‘1c. Jesus is God’s Son’ Category.

Quiz 11 on Top-Ten Prophecies Fulfilled By Jesus

Lesson 10 of 10: Prophecy that Jesus’ body would not decay

Top-Ten Prophecies Fulfilled By Jesus

Lesson 10 of 10: Prophecy that Jesus’ body would not decay

In around 1000 BC David wrote Psalm 16:10 in which he predicts that Jesus’ body would not see decay. Read more:

Psalm 16:10 predicts that Jesus’ body would not decay.

Prophecy

  • Psalm 16:10“because you will not abandon me to the realm of the dead, nor will you let your faithful [or holy] one see decay..”

Fulfillment:

  • In Jerusalem on Pentecost, fifty days have Jesus’ crucifixion and resurrection, Peter addresses a large crowd with these words: Acts 2:29-32:

    29 “Fellow Israelites, I can tell you confidently that the patriarch David died and was buried, and his tomb is here to this day. 30 But he was a prophet and knew that God had promised him on oath that he would place one of his descendants on his throne. 31 Seeing what was to come, he spoke of the resurrection of the Messiah, that he was not abandoned to the realm of the dead, nor did his body see decay. 32 God has raised this Jesus to life, and we are all witnesses of it.

  • In Antioch, Pisidia (modern day Turkey), Paul addresses the synagogue with these words: Acts 13: 32-35:

    32 “We tell you the good news: What God promised our ancestors 33 he has fulfilled for us, their children, by raising up Jesus. As it is written in the second Psalm: “‘You are my son; today I have become your father.’ 34 God raised him from the dead so that he will never be subject to decay. As God has said, “‘I will give you the holy and sure blessings promised to David.’35 So it is also stated elsewhere: “‘You will not let your holy one see decay.’

Both Peter and Paul were aware of the Psalm 16:10 prophecy written by David in 1000 BC. Peter said that David was a prophet, and that God promised David that one of his descendants would be raised from the dead. Peter informs the crowd that he has seen Jesus risen from the dead as evidence.

Paul references three prophecies that are fulfilled by Jesus’ resurrection:

  1. Psalm 2:7: “I will proclaim the LORD’s decree: He said to me, ‘You are my son; today I have become your father.’”
  2. Isaiah 55:3: “Give ear and come to me; listen, that you may live. I will make an everlasting covenant with you, my faithful love promised to David.”
  3. Psalm 16:10 (Discussed earlier)

Paul is telling us that God promised David that God would have a Son. This was fulfilled by Jesus. God made an everlasting covenant with David that the Holy One, Messiah, would David’s descendant. This was fulfilled by Jesus. Finally, the Holy One would not see decay, and this was also fulfilled by Jesus. Paul concludes by saying in Acts 13:38:, “Therefore, my friends, I want you to know that through Jesus the forgiveness of sins is proclaimed to you.”

Lesson Outline

Top-Ten Prophecies Fulfilled by Jesus

  1. The exact year in history in which Messiah Jesus will be crucified
  2. Jesus will be born in Bethlehem
  3. Quiz 7
  4. Jesus will be betrayed by 30 pieces of silver
  5. Jesus’ hands and feet will be pierced
  6. Quiz 8
  7. Jesus will be identified with sinners
  8. Jesus will pay for our sins
  9. Quiz 9
  10. None of Jesus’ will be bones broken
  11. Quiz 10
  12. Jesus will be buried in rich man’s tomb
  13. Jesus’ garments will be divided
  14. Jesus’ body will not decay

Lesson 9 of 10: Prophecy that Jesus’ Garments Would Be Divided

Top-Ten Prophecies Fulfilled By Jesus

Lesson 9 of 10: Divide His Garments

In 1000 BC David wrote Psalm 22: 18 in which he predicts that Jesus’ garments would be divided. Read more…

Source: Passion of the Christ (2004)

Psalm 22: 18 predicts that Jesus’ garments would be divided.

Prophecy

    • Psalm 22: 18 “They divide my clothes among them and cast lots for my garment.”

Fulfillment:

John 19:23-24:

23 When the soldiers crucified Jesus, they took his clothes, dividing them into four shares, one for each of them, with the undergarment remaining. This garment was seamless, woven in one piece from top to bottom. 24 “Let’s not tear it,” they said to one another. “Let’s decide by lot who will get it.” This happened that the scripture might be fulfilled that said, “They divided my clothes among them and cast lots for my garment.” So this is what the soldiers did.

According to Eddie Cloer, publisher of Truth for Today, in his The Seamless Tunic article1:

Although not explicitly stated in the Scriptures, in light of the customs and culture of the times, it is reasonable to believe that Jesus arrived at Golgotha wearing five articles of clothing. His outer garments consisted of four pieces of clothing; for the scarlet robe had been removed after the final period of mockery, when the soldiers put Jesus back into the clothes He had been wearing at the time of His arrest (see Matthew 27:31). Therefore, at Golgotha, He was wearing a turban, His belt, a cloak, and sandals. His undergarment was a seamless, one-piece tunic. It has been supposed that Mary, His mother, had made the tunic for Him and had given it to Him shortly before His trials.

However, the tunic was a different matter. Being a remarkable piece, woven from top to bottom, it presented two problems to the soldiers. First, it was without seams. How could each of the four men have a share of it? They could not divide it up according to the seams, for it had none. Second, if it were cut into pieces, it would be ruined. According to John, the soldiers resolved their dilemma by agreeing to cast lots for it. In this way, whoever won the lottery would receive the entire, uncut, and unmarred tunic.

John wrote that when the soldiers looked at the seamless tunic and noticed its beauty and rarity, they said to each other, “Let us not tear it, but cast lots for it, to decide whose it shall be” (John 19:24a). After deciding how they would determine who would get the tunic, they proceeded to cast lots for it. Their casting lots was a trifle, an inconsequential deed to the soldiers. To John, it was of great significance. He saw in it an important fulfillment of an Old Testament prophecy. He declared through inspiration by the Holy Spirit that this was done “to fulfill the Scripture” (John 19:24).

References

  1. Eddie Cloer, The Seamless Tunic Available at: http://www.biblecourses.com/English/downloads/pdfs/CrossLessons/043.The_Seamless_Tunic.pdf (Jan. 3, 2013), 1.

Lesson Outline

Top-Ten Prophecies Fulfilled by Jesus

Quiz 10 on Top-Ten Prophecies Fulfilled By Jesus

Lesson 8 of 10: Prophecy that Jesus would be buried in rich man’s tomb

Top-Ten Prophecies Fulfilled By Jesus

Lesson 8 of 10: Buried in rich man’s tomb

The prophecy contained in Isaiah 53:9 predicts that Jesus would be buried in a rich man’s tomb. Read more…

(http://www.gardentomb.com/galleries/tomb.php)

Isaiah 53:9 predicts that Jesus will be buried in a rich man’s tomb.

Prophecy

Lesson 7 of 10: None of His bones will be broken

Top-Ten Prophecies Fulfilled By Jesus

Lesson 7 of 10: None of His bones will be broken

The prophecy contained in Psalm 34:20 predicts that Jesus’ bones will not be broken. Read more.

(The Anatomical And Physiological Details Of Death By Crucifixion at http://www.finalfrontier.org.uk/index.php?main=5&sub=1&page=28)

Psalm 34:20 predicts that Jesus’ bones will not be broken. Also in Numbers 9: 9-12 the Lord instructs about the Passover lamb that none of its bones were to be broken.

Prophecy

  • Psalm 34:20“he protects all his bones, not one of them will be broken.”
  • Numbers 9: 9-12

    9 Then the Lord said to Moses, 10 “Tell the Israelites: ‘When any of you or your descendants are unclean because of a dead body or are away on a journey, they are still to celebrate the Lord’s Passover, 11 but they are to do it on the fourteenth day of the second month at twilight. They are to eat the lamb, together with unleavened bread and bitter herbs. 12 They must not leave any of it till morning or break any of its bones. When they celebrate the Passover, they must follow all the regulations.

Fulfillment:

John 19:33-36:

33 But when they came to Jesus and found that he was already dead, they did not break his legs. 34 Instead, one of the soldiers pierced Jesus’ side with a spear, bringing a sudden flow of blood and water. 35 The man who saw it has given testimony, and his testimony is true. He knows that he tells the truth, and he testifies so that you also may believe. 36 These things happened so that the scripture would be fulfilled: “Not one of his bones will be broken,”

When a prisoner is crucified, the only way he can breathe is to lift his upper body using his legs to expand his diaphragm. Roman soldiers could speed up the prisoner’s death by breaking his legs with a club and preventing him from lifting up to breathe. Within minutes the prisoner would die due to oxygen deprivation and fluid accumulation in the lungs.

Executed Jewish prisoners were not to be left overnight. In Deuteronomy 21:22-23 it states:

22 If someone guilty of a capital offense is put to death and their body is exposed on a pole, 23 you must not leave the body hanging on the pole overnight. Be sure to bury it that same day, because anyone who is hung on a pole is under God’s curse. You must not desecrate the land the Lord your God is giving you as an inheritance.

Examples of the implementation of the Deuteronomy passage can be found in Joshua 8:29 and Joshua 10:26-27.

Therefore, to avoid desecrating the Sabbath, which was about to begin at 6:00 PM on Friday, the soldiers were instructed to break the legs of the prisoners. The soldiers broke the legs of the prisoners on either side of Jesus to assure their quick death. However, Jesus already had died. As a result, the ancient prophecy contained in Psalm 34:22 was fulfilled when the soldiers did not break Christ legs.

Lesson Outline

Top-Ten Prophecies Fulfilled by Jesus

  1. The exact year in history in which Messiah Jesus will be crucified
  2. Jesus will be born in Bethlehem
  3. Quiz 7
  4. Jesus will be betrayed by 30 pieces of silver
  5. Jesus’ hands and feet will be pierced
  6. Quiz 8
  7. Jesus will be identified with sinners
  8. Jesus will pay for our sins
  9. Quiz 9
  10. None of Jesus’ will be bones broken
  11. Jesus will be buried in rich man’s tomb
  12. Jesus’ garments will be divided
  13. Jesus’ body will not decay

Quiz 9 on Top-Ten Prophecies Fulfilled By Jesus

Quiz 9 on Top-Ten Prophecies Fulfilled By Jesus

Take this short self-quiz to test your knowledge of the fifth and sixth lesson on Top-Ten Prophecies Fulfilled By Jesus.

Lesson Outline

Top-Ten Prophecies Fulfilled by Jesus

  1. The exact year in history in which Messiah Jesus will be crucified
  2. Jesus will be born in Bethlehem
  3. Quiz 7
  4. Jesus will be betrayed by 30 pieces of silver
  5. Jesus’ hands and feet will be pierced
  6. Quiz 8
  7. Jesus will be identified with sinners
  8. Jesus will pay for our sins
  9. Quiz 9
  10. None of Jesus’ will be bones broken
  11. Jesus will be buried in rich man’s tomb  

Lesson 6 of 10: Jesus will pay for our sins

Top-Ten Prophecies Fulfilled By Jesus

Lesson 6 of 10: Jesus will pay for our sins

In this video, evangelical Old Testament scholar Dr. Dr. Michael Rydelnik, Professor of Jewish Studies at the Moody Bible Institute, and Dr. Michael Brown, author and radio talk host, explain how Isaiah 53 predicts that Jesus will die for our sins.

In Isaiah 53: 5-6 and 11-12, it states that the servant will be “pierced for our transgressions, ” “crushed for our iniquities,” “Lord has laid on him the iniquity of us all,” and “by his wounds we are healed.” That servant is Jesus, who paid for our sins on the cross:

Prophecy

  • Isaiah 53:5-6

    5 But he was pierced for our transgressions, he was crushed for our iniquities; the punishment that brought us peace was on him, and by his wounds we are healed. 6 We all, like sheep, have gone astray, each of us has turned to our own way; and the Lord has laid on him the iniquity of us all.

  • Isaiah 53:11-12

    11 After he has suffered, he will see the light of life and be satisfied; by his knowledge my righteous servant will justify many, and he will bear their iniquities. 12 Therefore I will give him a portion among the great, and he will divide the spoils with the strong, because he poured out his life unto death, and was numbered with the transgressors. For he bore the sin of many, and made intercession for the transgressors.

In the Isaiah 53 passages, the language says that the servant is the bridge to God. The imagery comes from the ancient sacrifice system. In the first five books of the Bible, the Torah, you read about many blood sacrifices and offerings. What was their purpose? They were necessary for the forgiveness of sin.

The sacrifice required a worthy substitute to be offered as the payment for sin. The payment for sin was blood. The substitute had to have worth (without blemish) for the sin to be fully paid. The blood was sprinkled on the altar and on the people. Moses did this in Exodus 24:3-8

3 When Moses went and told the people all the LORD’s words and laws, they responded with one voice, “Everything the LORD has said we will do.” 4 Moses then wrote down everything the LORD had said. He got up early the next morning and built an altar at the foot of the mountain and set up twelve stone pillars representing the twelve tribes of Israel. 5 Then he sent young Israelite men, and they offered burnt offerings and sacrificed young bulls as fellowship offerings to the LORD. 6 Moses took half of the blood and put it in bowls, and the other half he splashed against the altar. 7 Then he took the Book of the Covenant and read it to the people. They responded, “We will do everything the LORD has said; we will obey.” 8 Moses then took the blood, sprinkled it on the people and said, “This is the blood of the covenant that the LORD has made with you in accordance with all these words.”

Moses then took the blood of the sacrifice and sprinkled it on the people as a fellowship offering and to ratify the covenant made with God. God established the Day of Atonement in Leviticus 16 for the payment for sins. The High Priest (the intermediary between the people and God) would lay his hands on the sacrificial animals and confess over them the sins of the people (conveying the sins to the animal) and then the animal would be killed (substitutionary atonement).

When we sin, we break the connection with God. To reestablish that connection requires a penalty/punishment for the sin. Once a year, the Day of Atonement was provided to “cover” the sins of Israel. For sacrifices of unintentional sin by individuals, see Leviticus 4  and  Leviticus 16:15-16

15 “He shall then slaughter the goat for the sin offering for the people and take its blood behind the curtain and do with it as he did with the bull’s blood: He shall sprinkle it on the atonement cover and in front of it. 6 In this way he will make atonement for the Most Holy Place because of the uncleanness and rebellion of the Israelites, whatever their sins have been. He is to do the same for the tent of meeting, which is among them in the midst of their uncleanness.

The sprinkling of blood on the altar was done for forgiveness of sin. The sacrificial animal had to be without blemish, (worthy). See Leviticus 4.  In Isaiah 53:9: “He was assigned a grave with the wicked, and with the rich in his death, though he had done no violence, nor was any deceit in his mouth.” The servant had no guilt and was a worth sacrifice.

The blood of the servant will pay for the sins of the world. This is specified by the “sprinkle many nations” phrase, as stated in Isaiah 52:15: “so he will sprinkle many nations, and kings will shut their mouths because of him. For what they were not told, they will see, and what they have not heard, they will understand.”

Fulfillment:

1 Peter 2:21-25:

21 To this you were called, because Christ suffered for you, leaving you an example, that you should follow in his steps. 22 “He committed no sin, and no deceit was found in his mouth.” 23 When they hurled their insults at him, he did not retaliate; when he suffered, he made no threats. Instead, he entrusted himself to him who judges justly. 24 “He himself bore our sins” in his body on the cross, so that we might die to sins and live for righteousness; “by his wounds you have been healed.” 25 For “you were like sheep going astray,” but now you have returned to the Shepherd and Overseer of your souls.

In Isaiah 53: 5-6 and 11-12, it predicts that a servant will die and pay for the sins of the world. This servant will be a sacrifice without blemish. Jesus was that servant.

Lesson Outline

Top-Ten Prophecies Fulfilled by Jesus

  1. The exact year in history in which Messiah Jesus will be crucified
  2. Jesus will be born in Bethlehem
  3. Quiz 7
  4. Jesus will be betrayed by 30 pieces of silver
  5. Jesus’ hands and feet will be pierced
  6. Quiz 8
  7. Jesus will be identified with sinners
  8. Jesus will pay for our sins
  9. None of Jesus’ will be bones broken
  10. Jesus will be buried in rich man’s tomb

Quiz 8 on Top-Ten Prophecies Fulfilled By Jesus

Quiz 8 on Top-Ten Prophecies Fulfilled By Jesus

Take this short self-quiz to test your knowledge of the third and fourth lesson on Top-Ten Prophecies Fulfilled By Jesus.

Lesson Outline

Top-Ten Prophecies Fulfilled by Jesus

  1. The exact year in history in which Messiah Jesus will be crucified
  2. Jesus will be born in Bethlehem
  3. Quiz 7
  4. Jesus will be betrayed by 30 pieces of silver
  5. Jesus’ hands and feet will be pierced
  6. Jesus will be identified with sinners
  7. Jesus will cry out, “Why have you forsaken me”
  8. None of Jesus’ will be bones broken
  9. Jesus will be buried in rich man’s tomb
  10. Jesus’ garments will be divided
  11. Jesus’ body will not decay

Jesus will be identified with sinners

Top-Ten Prophecies Fulfilled By Jesus

Lesson 5 of 10: Jesus will be identified with sinners

In the first two minutes of this video, evangelical Old Testament scholar Dr. Walter C. Kaiser, Jr explains that Jesus will be identified with sinners as predicted in Isaiah 53:12.

In Isaiah 53:12, Jesus will be identified with sinners (numbered with the transgressors) and will bear the burden of their sins (bore the sin of many):

Prophecy

Isaiah 53:11-12

11 After he has suffered, he will see the light of life and be satisfied; by his knowledge my righteous servant will justify many, and he will bear their iniquities. 12 Therefore I will give him a portion among the great, and he will divide the spoils with the strong, because he poured out his life unto death, and was numbered with the transgressors. For he bore the sin of many, and made intercession for the transgressors.

Fulfillment:

Luke 5: 27-31:

27 After this, Jesus went out and saw a tax collector by the name of Levi sitting at his tax booth. “Follow me,” Jesus said to him, 28 and Levi got up, left everything and followed him. 29 Then Levi held a great banquet for Jesus at his house, and a large crowd of tax collectors and others were eating with them. 30 But the Pharisees and the teachers of the law who belonged to their sect complained to his disciples, “Why do you eat and drink with tax collectors and sinners?” 31 Jesus answered them, “It is not the healthy who need a doctor, but the sick.

Mark 15:27:“They crucified two rebels with him, one on his right and one on his left.”

The Messiah came to save the lost. He suffers on behalf of his people, so that they may be delivered from their sins

Top-Ten Prophecies Fulfilled by Jesus

  1. The exact year in history in which Messiah Jesus will be crucified
  2. Jesus will be born in Bethlehem
  3. Quiz 7
  4. Jesus will be betrayed by 30 pieces of silver
  5. Jesus’ hands and feet will be pierced
  6. Jesus will be identified with sinners
  7. Jesus will cry out, “Why have you forsaken me”
  8. None of Jesus’ will be bones broken
  9. Jesus will be buried in rich man’s tomb
  10. Jesus’ garments will be divided
  11. Jesus’ body will not decay